Rupee slips 7 paise to 69.24 vs dollar in early trade
NEW DELHI: The rupee fell 7 paise to 69.24 against the US dollar in opening trade Monday on increased demand for the greenback from importers and banks. Forex dealers said strengthening of the American currency in the overseas market weighed on the domestic unit. However, sustained foreign fund inflows and positive opening in domestic equities supported the rupee and restricted the fall. The rupee opened strong at 69.07 at the interbank forex market, then lost ground and fell to 69.24 down 7 paise over its last close. The rupee had settled at 69.17 against the US dollar on Friday. Foreign institutional investors (FIIs) remained net buyers in the capital markets, putting in Rs 897.45 crore Friday, as per provisional data. Meanwhile, brent crude futures, the global oil benchmark, fell 0.14 per cent to trade at USD 71.45 per barrel. Benchmark equity index Sensex was trading 78.27 points up at 38,845.38, and the broader Nifty was at 11,671.20 points, up 27.75 points.
Mumbai, May 17 (UNI) The Rupee rate on Friday tumbled down by 30 paise to 70.32 against the USD Dollar in early trade on rising demand for US Dollars by importers, dealers at Forex Market said. The rupee opened weak at 70.22 at the interbank forex market and then fell further to 70.32, down 30 paise over its last close. It registered intra day high and low 70.26 and 70.15 against US Dollars respectively. The local unit declined owing to firm dollar against other world currencies and rising crude oil price, they added. However, a positive opening in domestic equities supported the local unit and restricted the fall. On Thursday rupee rose by 31 paise to settled at 70.02 against the US dollar.
Now, I have to confess, [when I read this], I felt like I had stepped through some sort of time warp, and was reading about the dealings of those Super-Banksters Montague Norman and Hjalmar Schacht. Remember them? They could’ve been comic book super heros (which is certainly how they saw themselves): “Faster than a trading algorithm, able to erect mountains of fraud in a single bound (to mix metaphors here), more powerful than ten freight trains of mortgage bundles and derivatives…” and so on. Well, this one...comes from Zero Hedge and appeared there on Dec. 2. It would seem that the Ukraine’s gold reserves, in a manner that betokens all the magical accounting principles of the NY Federal Reserve Bank, cannot find its gold. Or rather, simply sold it all off:
Seriously, someone needs to compose an opera, or at least an aria, based on all of this bankster stuff going on; call it Don Corleone (sung to the famous duet sung by Il Commendatore and Don Giovanni). Or at least a good set of fairies tales, like Ali Babba and the Federal Reserve; or The Pied Piper of London or The Banker’s New Clothes, or maybe Hansel and Merkel. Now, here’s what happened, at least as far as Zero Hedge reconstructs it:
“The charges against the chief banker involve foreign currency interventions by the Central Bank in August 2014: On August 5 the NBU bought U.S. dollars on the interbank forex market for UAH 11.93 per U.S. dollar and sold them for UAH 12.26 per U.S. dollar. During the same week, on August 8, it traded in foreign currency at a higher rate: UAH 12.45-12.6 per U.S. dollar. First it sold $69 million on the interbank forex market at a lower rate, and some days later it bought $35 million at a more favorable price. As a result of these transactions, the NBU lost 19 kopecks per U.S. dollar, Kravets said. Kravets claims that by acting so, Gontareva 'has intentionally committed an extremely unfavorable transaction for the gold and forex reserves of Ukraine, despite the fact that under Ukraine’s Constitution it is the Central Bank that is in charge of maintaining the country’s gold reserves.'” (Emphasis in the original)
In other words, after a series of bizarre trades, the end result for the Ukraine was (1) the decline of the value of its currency (2) the perilous decline of its gold reserves, which one may presume are no longer in Kiev or the Ukraine’s vaults in the BIS (Bank of International Settlements, founded by Montague Norman and Hjalmar Schacht [ed.]), having been transferred “across the pond,” to quote Mr. Putin’s expression, or at least into it’s vault at the BIS or elsewhere. Now, the good news to all this is that apparently the Ukrainian people might be waking up to the idea that a Washington-inspired neo-Nazi coup sponsored by busy-body billionaires and NGOs wasn’t such a good idea (though I’m with Peter Levenda here, there are no paleo- or neo-Nazis, there are just Nazis; they’re a cult, after all). But you can forget about Valeriya Gontareva being the culprit here. We all probably know where the order ultimately came from… Oh…by the way, did I mention that Hjalmar Schacht and Montague Norman founded the BIS, and that it in turn was instrumental in the creation of, and the model for, the European Central Bank?
Ukraine's gold just disappeared: With its gold "vaporized", a furious Ukraine turns on its central bankers
poster: axolotl_peyotl, original conspiracy link From Joseph P. Farrell: >Now, I have to confess, [when I read this], I felt like I had stepped through some sort of time warp, and was reading about the dealings of those Super-Banksters Montague Norman and Hjalmar Schacht. Remember them? >They could’ve been comic book super heros (which is certainly how they saw themselves): “Faster than a trading algorithm, able to erect mountains of fraud in a single bound (to mix metaphors here), more powerful than ten freight trains of mortgage bundles and derivatives…” and so on. >Well, this one...comes from Zero Hedge and appeared there on Dec. 2. It would seem that the Ukraine’s gold reserves, in a manner that betokens all the magical accounting principles of the NY Federal Reserve Bank, cannot find its gold. Or rather, simply sold it all off: With Its Gold “Vaporized”, A Furious Ukraine Turns On Its Central Bankers >Seriously, someone needs to compose an opera, or at least an aria, based on all of this bankster stuff going on; call it Don Corleone (sung to the famous duet sung by Il Commendatore and Don Giovanni). Or at least a good set of fairies tales, like Ali Babba and the Federal Reserve; or The Pied Piper of London or The Banker’s New Clothes, or maybe Hansel and Merkel. >Now, here’s what happened, at least as far as Zero Hedge reconstructs it: “The charges against the chief banker involve foreign currency interventions by the Central Bank in August 2014: On August 5 the NBU bought U.S. dollars on the interbank forex market for UAH 11.93 per U.S. dollar and sold them for UAH 12.26 per U.S. dollar. During the same week, on August 8, it traded in foreign currency at a higher rate: UAH 12.45-12.6 per U.S. dollar. First it sold $69 million on the interbank forex market at a lower rate, and some days later it bought $35 million at a more favorable price. As a result of these transactions, the NBU lost 19 kopecks per U.S. dollar, Kravets said. Kravets claims that by acting so, Gontareva 'has intentionally committed an extremely unfavorable transaction for the gold and forex reserves of Ukraine, despite the fact that under Ukraine’s Constitution it is the Central Bank that is in charge of maintaining the country’s gold reserves.'” (Emphasis in the original) >In other words, after a series of bizarre trades, the end result for the Ukraine was (1) the decline of the value of its currency (2) the perilous decline of its gold reserves, which one may presume are no longer in Kiev or the Ukraine’s vaults in the BIS (Bank of International Settlements, founded by Montague Norman and Hjalmar Schacht [ed.]), having been transferred “across the pond,” to quote Mr. Putin’s expression, or at least into it’s vault at the BIS or elsewhere. >Now, the good news to all this is that apparently the Ukrainian people might be waking up to the idea that a Washington-inspired neo-Nazi coup sponsored by busy-body billionaires and NGOs wasn’t such a good idea (though I’m with Peter Levenda here, there are no paleo- or neo-Nazis, there are just Nazis; they’re a cult, after all). >But you can forget about Valeriya Gontareva being the culprit here. We all probably know where the order ultimately came from… >Oh…by the way, did I mention that Hjalmar Schacht and Montague Norman founded the BIS, and that it in turn was instrumental in the creation of, and the model for, the European Central Bank? Discourse level: 100% Shills: 0%
what determines the spread on the forex interbank rate when an ETF is sold in 2 different currencies on 2 different exchanges?
hello, I have a specific narrow question. It is not about whether one should invest in foreign currencies or whether one should buy hedged or non hedged ETFs. My question is the following: if an ETF is sold on 2 different exchanges in 2 different currencies (once again, same ETF), is the difference in price solely that of the interbank foreign exchange rate or does someone along the line take a cut in the foreign exchange rate. I would doubt the latter because it would rapidly be corrected by professional investors using arbitrage. thanks very much in advance for your time and help.
Can anyone give me some tips how to cheaply change my home currency (Croatia) to Euros? I am investing in ETFs and I find that this currency conversion is a large expense. I tried transferwise but their rates are the same as my home banks so no luck there.
[Closed--as much as any trade negotiation with the EU can be] The EU has slowly been extending its vast array of free trade agreements to cover much of the world, and, quite simply, China, as a member of our peaceful and prosperous rule-based international order, wants in. This new FTA would massively expand the EUs zone of free trade, increasing it by nearly twenty trillion, as well as increasing our trade ties with the world by a roughly equivalent amount. While we understand that developing this trade agreement will be a difficult and complex task, we have some thoughts on where to start:
Allow China general access to European financial systems
Allow Chinese nationals 30-day visa-free access to Schengen
General access to the EU of Chinese manufactured goods
Relax or eliminate restrictions on Chinese investment in the EU, including in R&D
Improved IP protections, patent sharing agreement
Establishment of internationally-staffed tribunal for arbitration of dumping/subsidy disputes
Expanded market for European [in particular] films and culture products, with European films receiving a separate annual quota in addition to being eligible to be part of our general quota
Improved human rights conditions, including wrapping up of our counter-terror operations in Xinjiang which you all seem so concerned about
General allowance of imports of European agricultural products
EU citizens will receive 30-day visa-free access to China [EMSCO partners, as a result, will receive either 30, 60 or 90-day visa-free access to China--will be in other post]
China will implement EU-standard sanctions on Russia until it drops this whole expansionism thing. It's bad for business and making everyone freak out.
Replacement of US-backed SWIFT system with joint Euro-Chinese interbank payments system designed for security and processing of transactions in EUR and RMB
China will shift to the Euro and Euro-denominated debt as its preferred reserve currency holding; and will purchase significant [ultimately, $1 trillion, as we migrate our forex holdings down to one-third USD, one-half EUR, one-sixth yen/pound/other] quantities of European debt. Note that this will be a gradual process to avoid financial panic, and one that will involve Chinese purchase of higher-risk Euro-denominated bonds from Italy and Spain--we expect a reasonable guarantee on the part of the ECB that they will not default.
Rail standardization; including adoption by China of ETCS [and subsidization of adoption of ETCS by Central Asian nations, including all the 'stans', and Iran/Turkey], and synchronization of rolling-stock standards to allow trains to run seamlessly from China to Europe
These are really just a starting point, and we'd like to hear the EU's thoughts on this matter. Negotiating trade agreements with the EU is known to be difficult, but we think we may find it worthwhile.
The Forex market is tied in with exchanging between nations, the monetary forms of those nations, and the planning of putting resources into specific monetary standards. The Fx advertise is exchanging between provinces, typically finished with a representative or a money related organization. Numerous individuals are engaged with Forex exchanging, which is like financial exchange exchanging, yet FX exchanging is finished on a lot bigger generally scale. A great part of the exchanging happens between banks, governments, agents, and a modest quantity of exchanges that will occur in retail settings where the normal individual engaged with exchanging is known as an observer. Monetary market and money related conditions are making the Forex market exchanging go here and there day by day. Millions are exchanged every day between a considerable lot of the biggest nations and this will remember some measure of exchanging for littler nations also. From the investigations throughout the years, most exchanges the forex market are done among banks and this is called interbank. Banks make up around 50 percent of the exchanging the forex advertise. Along these lines, if banks are generally utilizing this strategy to bring in cash for investors and for their own bettering of business, you realize the cash must be there for the littler speculator, the reserve troughs to use to build the measure of premium paid to accounts. Banks exchange cash every day to expand the measure of cash they hold. Overnight a bank will put millions in forex markets, and afterward, the following day brings in that cash accessible to people in general in their reserve funds, financial records, and so on. Business organizations are additionally exchanging all the more regularly in the Forex markets. The business organizations, for example, Deutsche Bank, UBS, Citigroup, and others, for example, HSBC, Barclays, Merrill Lynch, JP Morgan Chase, and still others, for example, Goldman Sachs, ABN Amro, Morgan Stanley, etc are effectively exchanging the Forex markets to build an abundance of investors. Numerous littler organizations may not be associated with the Forex advertises as widely as some enormous organizations are nevertheless the alternatives are still there. National banks are the banks that hold universal jobs in remote markets. The flexibility of cash, the accessibility of cash, and the loan costs are constrained by national banks. National banks assume a huge job in the Forex exchanging and are situated in Tokyo, New York, and in London. These are by all accounts not the only focal areas for Forex Trading yet these are among the biggest engaged with this market technique. At times banks, business financial specialists, and the national banks will have enormous misfortunes, and this thusly is given to speculators. On different occasions, financial specialists and banks will have tremendous additions. #future academy
The Next Crypto Wave: The Rise of Stablecoins and its Entry to the U.S. Dollar Market
Author: Christian Hsieh, CEO of Tokenomy This paper examines some explanations for the continual global market demand for the U.S. dollar, the rise of stablecoins, and the utility and opportunities that crypto dollars can offer to both the cryptocurrency and traditional markets. The U.S. dollar, dominant in world trade since the establishment of the 1944 Bretton Woods System, is unequivocally the world’s most demanded reserve currency. Today, more than 61% of foreign bank reserves and nearly 40% of the entire world’s debt is denominated in U.S. dollars1. However, there is a massive supply and demand imbalance in the U.S. dollar market. On the supply side, central banks throughout the world have implemented more than a decade-long accommodative monetary policy since the 2008 global financial crisis. The COVID-19 pandemic further exacerbated the need for central banks to provide necessary liquidity and keep staggering economies moving. While the Federal Reserve leads the effort of “money printing” and stimulus programs, the current money supply still cannot meet the constant high demand for the U.S. dollar2. Let us review some of the reasons for this constant dollar demand from a few economic fundamentals.
Demand for U.S. Dollars
Firstly, most of the world’s trade is denominated in U.S. dollars. Chief Economist of the IMF, Gita Gopinath, has compiled data reflecting that the U.S. dollar’s share of invoicing was 4.7 times larger than America’s share of the value of imports, and 3.1 times its share of world exports3. The U.S. dollar is the dominant “invoicing currency” in most developing countries4. https://preview.redd.it/d4xalwdyz8p51.png?width=535&format=png&auto=webp&s=9f0556c6aa6b29016c9b135f3279e8337dfee2a6 https://preview.redd.it/wucg40kzz8p51.png?width=653&format=png&auto=webp&s=71257fec29b43e0fc0df1bf04363717e3b52478f This U.S. dollar preference also directly impacts the world’s debt. According to the Bank of International Settlements, there is over $67 trillion in U.S. dollar denominated debt globally, and borrowing outside of the U.S. accounted for $12.5 trillion in Q1 20205. There is an immense demand for U.S. dollars every year just to service these dollar debts. The annual U.S. dollar buying demand is easily over $1 trillion assuming the borrowing cost is at 1.5% (1 year LIBOR + 1%) per year, a conservative estimate. https://preview.redd.it/6956j6f109p51.png?width=487&format=png&auto=webp&s=ccea257a4e9524c11df25737cac961308b542b69 Secondly, since the U.S. has a much stronger economy compared to its global peers, a higher return on investments draws U.S. dollar demand from everywhere in the world, to invest in companies both in the public and private markets. The U.S. hosts the largest stock markets in the world with more than $33 trillion in public market capitalization (combined both NYSE and NASDAQ)6. For the private market, North America’s total share is well over 60% of the $6.5 trillion global assets under management across private equity, real assets, and private debt investments7. The demand for higher quality investments extends to the fixed income market as well. As countries like Japan and Switzerland currently have negative-yielding interest rates8, fixed income investors’ quest for yield in the developed economies leads them back to the U.S. debt market. As of July 2020, there are $15 trillion worth of negative-yielding debt securities globally (see chart). In comparison, the positive, low-yielding U.S. debt remains a sound fixed income strategy for conservative investors in uncertain market conditions. Source: Bloomberg Last, but not least, there are many developing economies experiencing failing monetary policies, where hyperinflation has become a real national disaster. A classic example is Venezuela, where the currency Bolivar became practically worthless as the inflation rate skyrocketed to 10,000,000% in 20199. The recent Beirut port explosion in Lebanon caused a sudden economic meltdown and compounded its already troubled financial market, where inflation has soared to over 112% year on year10. For citizens living in unstable regions such as these, the only reliable store of value is the U.S. dollar. According to the Chainalysis 2020 Geography of Cryptocurrency Report, Venezuela has become one of the most active cryptocurrency trading countries11. The demand for cryptocurrency surges as a flight to safety mentality drives Venezuelans to acquire U.S. dollars to preserve savings that they might otherwise lose. The growth for cryptocurrency activities in those regions is fueled by these desperate citizens using cryptocurrencies as rails to access the U.S. dollar, on top of acquiring actual Bitcoin or other underlying crypto assets.
The Rise of Crypto Dollars
Due to the highly volatile nature of cryptocurrencies, USD stablecoin, a crypto-powered blockchain token that pegs its value to the U.S. dollar, was introduced to provide stable dollar exposure in the crypto trading sphere. Tether is the first of its kind. Issued in 2014 on the bitcoin blockchain (Omni layer protocol), under the token symbol USDT, it attempts to provide crypto traders with a stable settlement currency while they trade in and out of various crypto assets. The reason behind the stablecoin creation was to address the inefficient and burdensome aspects of having to move fiat U.S. dollars between the legacy banking system and crypto exchanges. Because one USDT is theoretically backed by one U.S. dollar, traders can use USDT to trade and settle to fiat dollars. It was not until 2017 that the majority of traders seemed to realize Tether’s intended utility and started using it widely. As of April 2019, USDT trading volume started exceeding the trading volume of bitcoina12, and it now dominates the crypto trading sphere with over $50 billion average daily trading volume13. https://preview.redd.it/3vq7v1jg09p51.png?width=700&format=png&auto=webp&s=46f11b5f5245a8c335ccc60432873e9bad2eb1e1 An interesting aspect of USDT is that although the claimed 1:1 backing with U.S. dollar collateral is in question, and the Tether company is in reality running fractional reserves through a loose offshore corporate structure, Tether’s trading volume and adoption continues to grow rapidly14. Perhaps in comparison to fiat U.S. dollars, which is not really backed by anything, Tether still has cash equivalents in reserves and crypto traders favor its liquidity and convenience over its lack of legitimacy. For those who are concerned about Tether’s solvency, they can now purchase credit default swaps for downside protection15. On the other hand, USDC, the more compliant contender, takes a distant second spot with total coin circulation of $1.8 billion, versus USDT at $14.5 billion (at the time of publication). It is still too early to tell who is the ultimate leader in the stablecoin arena, as more and more stablecoins are launching to offer various functions and supporting mechanisms. There are three main categories of stablecoin: fiat-backed, crypto-collateralized, and non-collateralized algorithm based stablecoins. Most of these are still at an experimental phase, and readers can learn more about them here. With the continuous innovation of stablecoin development, the utility stablecoins provide in the overall crypto market will become more apparent.
In addition to trade settlement, stablecoins can be applied in many other areas. Cross-border payments and remittances is an inefficient market that desperately needs innovation. In 2020, the average cost of sending money across the world is around 7%16, and it takes days to settle. The World Bank aims to reduce remittance fees to 3% by 2030. With the implementation of blockchain technology, this cost could be further reduced close to zero. J.P. Morgan, the largest bank in the U.S., has created an Interbank Information Network (IIN) with 416 global Institutions to transform the speed of payment flows through its own JPM Coin, another type of crypto dollar17. Although people argue that JPM Coin is not considered a cryptocurrency as it cannot trade openly on a public blockchain, it is by far the largest scale experiment with all the institutional participants trading within the “permissioned” blockchain. It might be more accurate to refer to it as the use of distributed ledger technology (DLT) instead of “blockchain” in this context. Nevertheless, we should keep in mind that as J.P. Morgan currently moves $6 trillion U.S. dollars per day18, the scale of this experiment would create a considerable impact in the international payment and remittance market if it were successful. Potentially the day will come when regulated crypto exchanges become participants of IIN, and the link between public and private crypto assets can be instantly connected, unlocking greater possibilities in blockchain applications. Many central banks are also in talks about developing their own central bank digital currency (CBDC). Although this idea was not new, the discussion was brought to the forefront due to Facebook’s aggressive Libra project announcement in June 2019 and the public attention that followed. As of July 2020, at least 36 central banks have published some sort of CBDC framework. While each nation has a slightly different motivation behind its currency digitization initiative, ranging from payment safety, transaction efficiency, easy monetary implementation, or financial inclusion, these central banks are committed to deploying a new digital payment infrastructure. When it comes to the technical architectures, research from BIS indicates that most of the current proofs-of-concept tend to be based upon distributed ledger technology (permissioned blockchain)19. https://preview.redd.it/lgb1f2rw19p51.png?width=700&format=png&auto=webp&s=040bb0deed0499df6bf08a072fd7c4a442a826a0 These institutional experiments are laying an essential foundation for an improved global payment infrastructure, where instant and frictionless cross-border settlements can take place with minimal costs. Of course, the interoperability of private DLT tokens and public blockchain stablecoins has yet to be explored, but the innovation with both public and private blockchain efforts could eventually merge. This was highlighted recently by the Governor of the Bank of England who stated that “stablecoins and CBDC could sit alongside each other20”. One thing for certain is that crypto dollars (or other fiat-linked digital currencies) are going to play a significant role in our future economy.
There is never a dull moment in the crypto sector. The industry narratives constantly shift as innovation continues to evolve. Twelve years since its inception, Bitcoin has evolved from an abstract subject to a familiar concept. Its role as a secured, scarce, decentralized digital store of value has continued to gain acceptance, and it is well on its way to becoming an investable asset class as a portfolio hedge against asset price inflation and fiat currency depreciation.Stablecoins have proven to be useful as proxy dollars in the crypto world, similar to how dollars are essential in the traditional world. It is only a matter of time before stablecoins or private digital tokens dominate the cross-border payments and global remittances industry. There are no shortages of hypes and experiments that draw new participants into the crypto space, such as smart contracts, new blockchains, ICOs, tokenization of things, or the most recent trends on DeFi tokens. These projects highlight the possibilities for a much more robust digital future, but the market also needs time to test and adopt. A reliable digital payment infrastructure must be built first in order to allow these experiments to flourish. In this paper we examined the historical background and economic reasons for the U.S. dollar’s dominance in the world, and the probable conclusion is that the demand for U.S. dollars will likely continue, especially in the middle of a global pandemic, accompanied by a worldwide economic slowdown. The current monetary system is far from perfect, but there are no better alternatives for replacement at least in the near term. Incremental improvements are being made in both the public and private sectors, and stablecoins have a definite role to play in both the traditional and the new crypto world. Thank you. Reference:  How the US dollar became the world’s reserve currency, Investopedia  The dollar is in high demand, prone to dangerous appreciation, The Economist  Dollar dominance in trade and finance, Gita Gopinath  Global trades dependence on dollars, The Economist & IMF working papers  Total credit to non-bank borrowers by currency of denomination, BIS  Biggest stock exchanges in the world, Business Insider  McKinsey Global Private Market Review 2020, McKinsey & Company  Central banks current interest rates, Global Rates  Venezuela hyperinflation hits 10 million percent, CNBC  Lebanon inflation crisis, Reuters  Venezuela cryptocurrency market, Chainalysis  The most used cryptocurrency isn’t Bitcoin, Bloomberg  Trading volume of all crypto assets, coinmarketcap.com  Tether US dollar peg is no longer credible, Forbes  New crypto derivatives let you bet on (or against) Tether’s solvency, Coindesk  Remittance Price Worldwide, The World Bank  Interbank Information Network, J.P. Morgan  Jamie Dimon interview, CBS News  Rise of the central bank digital currency, BIS  Speech by Andrew Bailey, 3 September 2020, Bank of England
MT5 international foreign exchange trading platform, recently the foreign exchange gold market is also on the rise
What is the foreign exchange market?Foreign exchange market (FOREx market) refers to the place or network where foreign exchange transactions take place.Mainly between local currency and foreign currency, foreign exchange transactions between different currencies.The foreign exchange market can be divided into two parts, namely the inter-bank foreign exchange market and the retail foreign exchange market.Interbank foreign exchange market can also be acquired as an inter-bank wholesale foreign exchange market, which is the uppermost market in foreign exchange transactions and the market for foreign exchange transactions among Banks, forming a relatively centralized foreign exchange market.In the interbank market, there is no such thing as margin trading.Retail forex market refers to the market between forex trading institutions and their clients. The most basic class in this market is individual traders, characterized by wide and dispersed distribution. The modern international foreign exchange market is generally distributed in major cities in the world, such as London, New York, Paris, Vertical, Zurich, Wellington, Tokyo, Singapore, Hong Kong and other world-famous financial centers and foreign exchange centers. The interconnections and influence of these centers form a foreign exchange network covering the whole world.Due to time zones and time differences, such a horizontal global market is almost always open and close one after another, forming a circular 24-hour foreign exchange market.In the global market, the UK, the US, Singapore, Hong Kong and Japan accounted for 77% of the global forex trading volume.At present, China's foreign exchange market is a market system centered on the inter-bank market. In the foreign exchange market, the exchange rate fluctuation refers to the exchange rate of changing currencies. The change in exchange rate is the decrease in the value of one currency and the increase in the value of another currency.A currency does not become a waste of paper, or even a dwindling currency, but it will always represent a certain value, unless the abolition of the currency is declared.You've had negative interest rates, you've had a plunge in stocks, you've had zero futures, you've had real estate, you've had a question mark as an investment hedge, and in many cases rents may not be worth the mortgage index.For domestic investors, the currency market is the most "clean" speculative market with little risk but great opportunity. Investors need not bother in the performance of each stock, futures long-short don't have to worry about both sides of the insider trading, daily turnover of huge, make any also does not have the dealer's courage, soros, buffett can learn about the information, as well as ordinary investors can learn, global investors and speculators are in the same time looking at the same price and graphics, several thousands of marketmakers network trading platform and the world millions of investors and speculators have together.
IM Academy - Are they/their "Affiliates" breaking FINRA regulations on Communications with the Public?
For the uninitiated, IM Academy, formerly iMarketsLive, is an MLM whose scheme centers around a SaaS model for their forex (foreign exchange) trading software. I'm still early in the research, but I think the way they get around the legal definition of a pyramid scheme is by providing referral commissions to their affiliates, who are the ones ultimately posting about their purported 'success' and the opportunities they want to share with their friends and families and doing the recruiting. Now, perhaps save for the ballsier MLM brands involved in health and wellness products, where running afoul of the FDA is the primary concern (and having worked as someone designing junk mail for a health food/grocery store [the owner of which was decidedly ANTI MLM, thank apollo] for a decade, I can tell you that the magic "These statements have not been endorsed by the FDA. These products are not meant to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease." is almost an impervious shield, if you're not a total sketchman and literally saying those things in the ad copy for the product), the SEC and the FTC are the regulatory bodies at play; and FINRA, I believe, is the US regulatory body overseeing forex, specifically. I dig economics. I like listening to economics shows. I've heard plenty of ads for forex trading solutions on the radio, and one constant is the inclusion at the end of the ad of a disclaimer saying, more or less, that 'Forex trading carries substantial risk and consumers should not trade more than what they can afford to lose', or something along those lines. Of course, the folks peddling IM Academy on facebook are just posting about the opportunity to make money trading forex. That got me thinking -- if the company is paying these guys commissions on referrals for the software, they are effectively communicating to the public. FINRA has some very specific guidelines on this (emphasis mine): Communications with the Public NASD Rule 2210, applicable to all FINRA members, prohibits firms from making any false, exaggerated, unwarranted or misleading statement or claim in any communication with the public. Rule 2210 is not limited to a broker-dealer's securities and investment banking business. A firm's forex-related communications—whether the firm is acting as a dealer or is soliciting forex business for a dealer—must be fair and balanced and based on principles of fair dealing and good faith, and firms must provide a sound basis for evaluating the facts regarding both the forex market generally, as well as the customers' specific transactions. These obligations may not be waived or met by disclaimer. New FINRA member firms that engage in forex-related activities must file their advertisements with FINRA. Rule 2210 requires any firm that has not previously filed advertisements with FINRA to file all of its advertisements at least 10 days prior to first use; this filing requirement continues for one year from the first submission. Rule 2210's internal approval, filing requirements and recording-keeping provisions also apply to forex-related communications. The rule requires that a registered principal give written approval of all advertisements and sales literature prior to use. Rule 2210 prohibits predictions or projections of performance, or the implication that past performance will recur. Communications used by firms in connection with retail forex activities may not tout future returns. The rule prohibits the omission of material facts or qualifications that would cause a communication to be misleading. Accordingly, firms' communications must adequately disclose the risks associated with forex trading, including the risks of highly leveraged trading. Firms must also make sure that their communications with the public are not misleading regarding, among other things:
The likelihood of profits or the risks of forex trading, including leveraged trading;• The firm's role in or compensation from the trade;
The firm's or the customer's access to the interbank currency market; or
The performance or accuracy of electronic trading platforms or software sold or licensed by or through the firm to customers in connection with forex trading, including falsely advertising claims regarding slippage rates.
FINRA also reminds firms that SIPC rules prohibit references to SIPC membership or protection in communications regarding commodities, including forex.
Am I onto something here? Even if IM Academy seems to skirt around the traditional definition of a pyramid scheme, their affiliates are breaking the regulations the company, at least, is obligated to adhere to. This IM Academy scheme specifically seems particularly predatory. I can see a vast gulf between being out a few hundred bucks on shitty inventory you'll never push and forex leverages, which can sometimes mean you losemore than you put in.
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Who Is Taking an interest In Forex Market Exchanges?
The forex showcase is tied in with exchanging between nations, the monetary forms of those nations and the planning of putting resources into specific monetary standards. The FX showcase is exchanging between districts, normally finished with a representative or a monetary organization. Numerous individuals are associated with forex exchanging, which is like securities exchange exchanging, however FX exchanging is finished on an a lot bigger in general scale. A great part of the exchanging happens between banks, governments, dealers and a modest quantity of exchanges will occur in retail settings where the normal individual associated with exchanging is known as an observer. Money related market and monetary conditions are making the forex advertise exchanging go here and there day by day. Millions are exchanged consistently between a large number of the biggest nations and this will remember some measure of exchanging for littler nations also. From the investigations throughout the years, most exchanges the forex advertise are done among banks and this is called interbank. Banks make up around 50 percent of the exchanging the forex showcase. Thus, if banks are generally utilizing this technique to bring in cash for investors and for their own bettering of business, you realize the cash must be there for the littler financial specialist, the store troughs to use to expand the measure of premium paid to accounts. Banks exchange cash every day to build the measure of cash they hold. Overnight a bank will put millions in forex markets, and afterward the following day bring in that cash accessible to people in general in their investment funds, financial records and so forth. Business organizations are additionally exchanging all the more frequently in the forex markets. The business organizations, for example, Deutsche bank, UBS, Citigroup, and others, for example, HSBC, Braclays, Merrill Lynch, JP Morgan Chase, and still others, for example, Goldman Sachs, ABN Amro, Morgan Stanley, etc are effectively exchanging the forex markets to build abundance of investors. Numerous littler organizations may not be engaged with the forex advertises as widely as some enormous organizations are nevertheless the alternatives are stil there. National banks are the banks that hold universal jobs in the unfamiliar markets. The gracefully of cash, the accessibility of cash, and the loan costs are constrained by national banks. National banks assume an enormous job in the forex exchanging, and are situated in Tokyo, New York and in London. These are by all account not the only focal areas for forex exchanging however these are among the biggest engaged with this market system. Once in a while banks, business speculators and the national banks will have enormous misfortunes, and this thus is given to financial specialists. Different occasions, the financial specialists and banks will have immense additions.
Can someone explain to me why people would opt to invest in forex over other asset classes?
This might sound stupid but... Isn't the point of fiat currencies to be stable enough for ease of trade? Surely this would mean the volatility between any pair would be ridiculously low to the point where making any money would require either huge leverage or an insanely high initial investment, right? And since you guys are (from what l can see) mainly scalpers and day traders, would it not make more sense to scalp volatile, low volume pennystocks or cryptocurrencies with a sensible S/L?
The world has become more connected; more people or corporates need to send money abroad for many reasons. If you live and working away from the home, time will definitely come when you have to make transfer to abroad to support your loved ones and other reasons. Outward Remittance is basically the same as an international money transfer. Many of the sender /customers live overseas and send their hard money to support their loved ones. For example, Parents do a wire transfer to University or their son/daughter’s account for the purpose of their education. To help them, please visit your nearest branch of Orient exchange or go to the website www.orientexchange.in Some of the tips to be followed for good convenience: The right place to Approach · Telegraphic transfers or process of sending money are made through ADII RBI license holders or banks or money changers. · Customers should remember that you just can not trust any individuals with the responsibility of sending money. · Experts recommend choosing a better exchange house /bank that has the international footprint which makes your money transfer easier and secure. Mode of transfer You need to choose the option to send money. One is Wire transfer and another is Demand draft. Wire transfer is done via SWIFT i.e. Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunications. A swift transfer is the most secure and standard system which can be done by banks to their correspondents with each other. A demand draft can be sent abroad physically and takes a little bit of time to get cleared. In most of the time remittance will be received by the beneficiary bank in 48 hrs. Process of application Primarily, the customer has to send their documents /upload either online or visit the office or request for home verification of KYC and other relevant documents. The requirement of documents may slightly vary with the purpose behind sending the money. There is a limit set by RBI to individuals who remitting money abroad. RBI has placed an annual cap of $ 250000 to the individuals · Rate fixing: Customer can book their forex rate by paying 2% of the transaction value or they may pay after verification of documents. · Fees/charges: Many banks are involved in a single outward remittance through the SWIFT network. The customer is liable to pay extra fees. Two to three intermediary banks may handle the transfers so they can add their own charges. In addition to that own bank & receipt bank charges are also included in what you pay. Duration: Remitter to receiver ‘s account A swift transfer is transferring money between multiple banks before the funds credited to the seller’s /beneficiary account. This process will be completed from 1 to 5 working days depending on the countries where you transfer. What details are must for outward remittance transfer? *Beneficiary Details : Name of the beneficiary & Address of the Beneficiary *Payee Bank details : 1) SWIFT CODE: Swift code is known as Bank ID /SWIFT CODE/Identifier code. Each financial institution is having its own unique swift code. Swift code usually has 8 to 11 digit or characters. For Ex: BANK OF AMERICA transfer, SWIFT CODE is “ BOFAUS3N” 2) Beneficiary bank name 3) Beneficiary Bank Address and branch name 4) Beneficiary Bank Account Number 5) Currency wise bank details are additionally required: i) AED – IBAN ii) GBP – IBAN, Sort Code iii) CAD – Transit Number iv) AUD – BSB Code v) EUNZD/THB/SEK/SGD – IBAN Attention on the exchange rate: Customers always think about the best way to send Wire transfer at a cheap cost. In the current market scenario, customers should know that most of the banks or money exchangers don’t use the real exchange rate. Instead of that, add more margin on top of live rates. So, customers pay more or beneficiary to receive less. To avoid these hidden charges try using online services that provide you the live /real exchange rates on all wire transfers, Currency Exchange, forex card etc….
On the other hand, the so-called big players in the form of banks, hedge funds, and other large financial institutions determine the future change of the forex market price. All these big players are trading on the so-called interbank market where millions and billions of orders meet. The Forex market reacts strongly to these large orders. On the interbank market, traders can participate through true STP / ECN Direct Market Access brokers, but 98% of brokers in the world offering STP / ECN trading accounts do not send clients’ trades on the real interbank market, but instead to only one market maker which directly participates in the loss of their clients. The data covers all spot transactions on the interbank m arkets as well as transactions with their clients that have nominal values of US$10,000 or more. The data submitted is used to compute the weighted average exchange rate. The weighted exchange rate is published on the Bank of Ghana website, as the closing rate for the day’s transactions. The forex interbank market is a subset of the forex market overall, which in turn comprises the largest trading market globally. The forex interbank market is a driver for all pricing and ... Interbank rates. Home / Treasury and the Markets / Historical Interbank FX Rates. Historical Interbank FX Rates. Date Currency Currency Pair Buying Selling Mid Rate ; Date Currency Currency Pair Buying Selling Mid Rate; 11 Jan 1996: US Dollar: USDGHS: 1,448.3600: 1,471.5500: 1,459.9550: 09 Jan 1996: US Dollar: USDGHS ...
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